The project “PCB Management in Vietnam” is part of the implementation of the Stockholm Convention in Vietnam by the Government of Viet Nam and the World Bank, using funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The project helps to build Vietnam’s national capacity to manage PCBs and safely store large amounts of PCBs in the demonstration provinces for future disposal.
Media Information about this project:
- VTV9 – 24h: https://vtv.vn/video/toan-canh-24h-20-7-2018-312670.htm
- SCTV8 – News: http://vitv.vn/tin-video/20-07-2018/ban-tin-hop-tin-viet-nam-11h-phat-song-1100-20-07-2018/206804
- Dan Tri newspaper: http://dantri.com.vn/moi-truong/xu-ly-45-tan-chat-thai-cuc-doc-co-kha-nang-gay-ung-thu-cho-con-nguoi-20180720112842059.htm
- Newspaper of Natural Resources and Environment: https://baotainguyenmoitruong.vn/moi-truong/dong-xu-ly-loi-thoat-cho-chat-thai-doc-hai-kho-phan-huy-pcb-1256244.html
- Community Plus Newspaper: http://congdongplus.com/dong-xu-ly-chat-thai-nguy-hai-trong-san-xuat-xi-mang-loi-ra-cho-xu-ly-chat-thai-cuc-doc-tai-viet-nam.html
In view of this severe issue, the Ministry of National Resources and Environment along with the United Nation Development Program launched a bid seeking a contractor responsible for treating the most contaminated areas of Nghe An and Ha Tinh provinces. It was an international bid with participants from 14 different local as well as international firms.
On 30/11/2015, INSEE Ecocycle Vietnam processed 870,963 tons of pesticide-contaminated soil stock in 02 provinces Nghe An and Ha Tinh. This is a part of the “Building Capacity to Eliminate Chemical Plant Protection; POP stockpiles in Vietnam” was what the Project Management Board POP-Pesticide (Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment) and Chapter The UN Development in Vietnam deployed and controlled.
Pesticide contaminated soil in 02 provinces Nghe An and Ha Tinh in 2015
870,963 tons of pesticide-contaminated soils in the districts of Vuc Rong, Thach Luu, Hon Tro, Chien Thang, Tan Phu, and Nghia Dan were collected and transported by INSEE Ecocycle to its plant in Hon Chong, Kien Giang province to co-process in cement kiln. Experts from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and UNDP supervised the process.
Co-processing in cement kiln technology has been accredited as a safety and environmental friendly waste management solution thanks to its advantages: Extremely high temperature – up to 2,000°C, oxygen excess and long residence time destroy completely waste materials; no-residue after the process means no environmental risks compare with incinerator or landfill; high alkaline environment will absorb acid gases generated from the process, according to which, the effects on the environment from the acid gas will be eliminated; emission control system 24/24 in every INSEE Ecocycle plants ensures emission safety.
INSEE Ecocycle Vietnam package, collect and treat 870,963 tons of pesticide contaminated soil
Throughout the process, relevant safety indicators have been strictly monitored and reported. INSEE Ecocycle particularly invited Pacific Environment – an Australian independent third party of environmental impact assessment to measure emissions in the process. The results showed that the treatment did not affect the emission. In fact, all emission indexes were much lower than the limit required, particularly, the concentration of HCl, CO, SO2, and NO were under the requirement limit, slightly dust emission comparing with the limits.
This project against pesticide residue contributes to the goal of “solving all areas of serious environmental pollution and particularly in 2025,” the government of Vietnam. The first ones to experience the difference are the people living in the contaminated area.
HCFC (hydrochlorofluorocarbon) is a chlorine-based refrigerant that cause ozone depletion – the shield protects the earth against harmful UV rays from the sun.
HCFC, commonly called R-22 in Vietnam, was used in many older air conditioners.
The treatment of HCFCs reduces the leading cause of ozone depletion, which plays a key role in restoring the ozone layer – the Earth’s shield.
The collection and treatment of HCFCs is part of a project to build a green hospital sponsored by the Mitsubishi Corporation under the framework of cooperation between the two Governments of Vietnam and Japan. It is expected that by 2030, Vietnam will handle 97.5% of the ozone depleted emissions in air conditioners and old refrigerators.
Under the supervision and support of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Green Development Center and Japanese experts, more than 123 kg of HCFCs are put into cement kilns at temperature of above 2,000°C, long burning time, and a closed feeding system for complete destruction. INSEE Ecocycle Vietnam is proud to be the pioneer in processing HCFCs by Co-processing technology.
This HCFC is taken from the air-conditioners of the two hospitals of Viet Duc Friendship Hospital and the People’s Hospital 115, under the project “Building the green hospitals through the improvement of effective & environmentally friendly energy use in Vietnam” under the cooperation between the Government of Vietnam and Japan.
Nearly 20 prestigious press agencies across the country simultaneously reported on the event, such as:
Vietnam Television (VTV): http://vtv.vn/chuyen-dong-24h/lan-dau-tien-viet-nam-xu-ly-duoc-chat-lam-thung-tang-ozon- 20161121184350916.htm
Business Integration Magazine: http://doanhnghiephoinhap.vn/holcim-viet-nam-dong-xu-ly-thanh-cong-chat-thai-hcfc.html
Ministry of Industry and Trade News: http://www.moit.gov.vn/en/pages/Tinchuyende.aspx?Machuyende=TLCV&IDNews=8485
Process of HCFC treatment in INSEE Ecocycle Vietnam